Time to learn a useful tense for telling stories – the past perfect tense. Present perfect and past simple 2. Focusing on result or activity FinnJoe and Alice got together in 2012. Catherine The present perfect continuous is formed with have/has been and the -ing form of the verb. FinnHe missed the train, which he'd been hoping to catch. The past perfect continuous is made from had been and the -ing form of a verb: I had been working there for a year. As with the present perfect continuous, we are more interested in the process. CatherineWe'll explain when to use the past perfect simple instead of the past perfect continuous…. Good job everyone! NeilNow, in this case Joe had been living tells us what Joe was doing up to the time he met Alice. NeilSo, we had after plus I had been swimming. Like the past perfect simple, it talks about a past action that was in progress before another past action. Present perfect continuous. 3. NeilGood, finally, number 3: a) Sam finally bought the car that he'd saved up for. Learn some useful business English phrases with Anna and her colleagues at Tip Top Trading. CatherineThe earlier action was he’d been hoping. Which action happened first? Read on for detailed descriptions, examples, and present perfect continuous exercises. (past perfect) How is it formed? Today, we're talking about the past perfect continuous tense…. the past perfect definition: 1. the grammatical form used for an action that had already finished when another action happened…. Catherine It’s a). You can do this grammar quiz online or print it on paper. CatherineSo, we use the past perfect continuous to talk about something that was happening before another event or situation in the past. The past perfect continuous tense (also called the past perfect progressive tense) is used to describe an action that began and was still in progress in the past before another past action started.In contrast to the past perfect tense, which describes a past action that finished before the second action started, the past perfect continuous emphasizes the continuous progress of that action. CatherineExactly. My dad _____ smoking in the garage. Continuous: HAD BEEN + V-ing An action started in the past and continued up until another time in the past Functions of the past perfect continuous The past perfect continuous corresponds to the present perfect continuous, but with reference to a time earlier than 'before now'. 4. Past continuous. CatherineThat's right. The past perfect continuous can help. John went to the doctor because he'd been having trouble sleeping. So, here's another sentence. NeilWe often use it to give background information about a situation or event that was happening up to another event in the past…. What are the differences between 'peek', 'peak' and 'pique'? We need the past perfect continuous for the earlier action or situation. Since I began acting, I (perform) in two plays, a television commercial and a TV drama. 1. When should I use 'for' or 'to' to express purpose? Functions of the past perfect continuous The past perfect continuous corresponds to the present perfect continuous, but with reference to a time earlier than 'before now'. You'd been listening to the programme for six minutes, when you realised this session was over! I had lived in New York City before. Simple: HAD + past participle An action occurred before another action in the past. The printer _____ working well. Which is correct? What's the difference between 'fill up', 'fill out' and 'fill in'? NeilCorrect. Welcome to the Grammar Gameshow! GapFillTyping_MTYzMTc= Level: intermediate. It’s quite tricky! NeilRight. Remember, you can also subscribe to the podcast version. Past Perfect Continuous Quiz. Joe had been living in London for two years when they met. We can use it when we want to say how long this earlier action was happening for. If you have a question for Learners' Questions, email us on learning.english@bbc.co.uk. "What's the difference between the past continuous tense and the past perfect continuous tense? NeilSo we had been trying, in the past perfect continuous, was the earlier action. How do we talk about mistakes in the past? FinnI hadn't been waiting very long when the bus arrived. Find out more with Neil and Catherine in this episode of 6 Minute Grammar. Past perfect for the earlier of two past actions. Which 3 things do the past continuous and past perfect continuous tenses have in common? 2 years ago. Events in the past perfect always take place before the past simple or past continuous. Jane (prepare) a beautiful candlelight dinner. Join us again for more 6 Minute Grammar. NeilSometimes we can use either the past perfect simple or the past perfect continuous, particularly for activities that continue for a long time, like work, run or sleep. To make this verb form follow this pattern: subject + 'd/had/hadn't + been + present participle (-ing form). Test your knowledge in this crazy quiz! Past continuous and hypotheses. The burglars’ actions all happen before this point in the past) How could we tell the same story using only the simple past? Past perfect continuous Do you want to talk about past events that happened before other past events? The Past Perfect Continuous tense is used to express that an action started in the past and continued in the past until something else happened in the past. And the event that happened later in time: Jack ran the marathon, was in the past simple and came first in the sentence. So, in that example the past perfect continuous was in a relative clause: which he had been hoping…. NeilAnd don't forget those short forms: I had becomes I'd; We had is we'd; had not is hadn't and so on. When I (arrive) home last night, I discovered that 2. The 'interrupted past'The past continuous tense is often used in combination with the past simple tense. What's the difference betwen the past continuous tense and past perfect continous tense? The Past Perfect Continuous tense is like the Past Perfect tense, but it expresses longer actions in the past before another action in the past. For a better experience please enable Javascript in your browser, I'll have been studying English for thirty weeks, Tim's Pronunciation Workshop (intermediate). Will Well done! b) I only waited a few minutes when the bus had arrived. The past perfect continuous can help. ... And that's it for this master class for more help with using past forms when you're not talking about the past, go to our website. It tests what you learned on the Past Perfect Continuous page. Catherine    And me, Catherine. October 13. Okay. The past perfect continuous (also called past perfect progressive) is a verb tense which is used to show that an action started in the past and continued up to another point in the past. In this activity we're looking at the present perfect continuous tense. Past continuousThe past continuous is formed using 'was' or 'were' + verb-ing. Read about our approach to external linking. Can you work out which action or happened first? Learn more. 6 Minute Grammar ©British Broadcasting Corporation 2015 bbclearningenglish.com Page 4 of 5 Neil Sometimes we can use either the past perfect simple or the past perfect continuous, particularly for activities that continue for a long time, like work, run or sleep. CatherineYes, and that is the past perfect continuous in relative clauses and after time conjunctions. Neil… and of course we'll finish with a quiz. There's lots more about this on our website at bbclearningenglish.com. Neil   Hello and welcome to 6 Minute Grammar with me, Neil. Oh, the present perfect! See you there! Well done if you got them all right. What's the difference between the past continuous tense and the past perfect continuous tense? We often use present perfect … That's what Ann wants to know. Do you want to talk about past events that happened before other # past events? How well do you know English grammar? Once a time in the past has been set, it allows us to go back for a moment to a point before that. and that's what we're doing on this learners questions. NeilAnd, now it's time for our quiz. CatherineThat's quite common with the past perfect continuous. If you had been planning to do anything else why not put it off it and learn about the past perfect continuous instead? Being an avid television viewer in the age of #PeakTV means that for every show you actually do tune in … Both take place in the past, both are useful narrative tenses and both are continuous tenses, which means they are unlikely to use state verbs. For a better experience please enable Javascript in your browser, Tim's Pronunciation Workshop (intermediate). CatherineBut if the earlier action had been completed, then we use the past perfect simple. Had (not) + subject + been + present participle. They had been painting the bedroom. CatherineAnd it's a) again. Learn how to use it in 6 Minute Grammar. Number one: a) I'd only been waiting a few minutes when the bus arrived. 'Fast', 'quick' and 'quickly': what's the difference? NeilSo, the past perfect continuous phrase he had been training came in the second part of the sentence, but it happened earlier in time. Listen to this: FinnJack ran the marathon in less than three hours. You'll find a summary and more episodes on our website: https://bbc.in/2E1vWPY # grammar # … Past perfect simple / continuous. CatherineYes. BBC Learning English dot com goodbye. We can also use the past continuous to refer to the present or future in hypotheses (when we imagine something). FinnWe had been trying to open the door for five minutes when I finally found the key. When I arrived, Ram had been waiting for two hours. And the later action when they met was in the past simple. I lived in Miami, Florida. We use the past perfect continuous to describe an action or situation that was happening over a period of time up to another past event or point in time. Menu. (The starting point for the story is when the teacher arrives home from work. Peek, peak and pique: what's the difference? The past perfect continuous is formed using 'had' + 'been' + verb-ing. In Session 3 we have a special English at Work programme for you. NeilHere's another example. Past perfect continuousThe past perfect continuous is formed using 'had' + 'been' + verb-ing. Neil… which we use to give background information to an event in the past. He had been training for it since 2010. The past perfect continuous tense - 6 Minute Grammar - YouTube b) After they walked for three hours, they'd realised they were lost. We hadn't been waiting long when the taxi arrived. Let's hear that example again. Session 2. Related Pages See All. Had you been drinking when you fell off your bike? 1. And another common structure to use with past perfect continuous is a time conjunction, like this: FinnAfter I had been swimming for an hour, I was so cold I had to stop. We can use the past perfect to show the order of two past events. b) Sam finally bought the car that he'd been saving up for. has had had been a) has b) had c) had been. Read about our approach to external linking. Sometimes, the action or situation that happens first in time comes second in the sentence. Verb Tense Exercise 14 Present Perfect, Past Perfect, Present Perfect Continuous, and Past Perfect Continuous f t p Using the words in parentheses, complete the text below with the appropriate tenses, then click the "Check" button to check your answers. MultipleSelection_MTY2NDE= Past continuous and past simple. We joint these two tenses using time words 'when' and 'while'. Finn Patrick felt refreshed because he had slept all afternoon. Here’s Finn. 1 … We use the present perfect simple (have/has + past participle) or present perfect continuous (have/has + been + -ing) to talk about a state or an activity that has a link to the present. CatherineIf the earlier action is incomplete, use the past perfect continuous, to focus on the process or length of time that the action continued, rather than the end result.